The First Thankgsgiving
Pilgrims crossed the Atlantic Ocean in 1620, they landed on the rocky
shores of a territory that was inhabited by the Wampanoag ( wãm pa nō'ag ) Indians.
These Indians lived in villages along the coast of what is now Massachusetts and
Wampanoags treated each other with respect. Any visitor to a Wampanoag home was
provided with a share of what ever food the family had, even if the supply was
low. This same courtesy was extended to the Pilgrims when they met. We can only
guess what the Wampanoags must have thought when they first saw the strange
ships of the Pilgrims arriving on their shores. But their custom was to help
visitors, and they treated the newcomers with courtesy. It was mainly because of
their kindness that the Pilgrims survived at all. The wheat the Pilgrims had
brought with them to plant would not grow in the rocky soil. They needed to
learn new ways for a new world, and the man who came to help them was called
"Squanto" (SKWAN toe).
Squanto, brought them deer meat and beaver skins. He taught
them how to cultivate corn and other new vegetables and how to build
Indian-style houses. He pointed out poisonous plants and showed how other plants
could be used as medicine. He explained how to dig and cook clams, how to get
sap from the maple trees, use fish for fertilizer, and dozens of other skills
needed for their survival. By the time fall arrived things were going much
better for the Pilgrims, thanks to the help they had received.
Pilgrims decided to have a thanksgiving feast to celebrate their good
fortune. Captain Miles Standish, the leader of the Pilgrims, invited
Squanto, Samoset, Massasoit (the leader of the Wampanoags), and their immediate
families to join them for a celebration, but they had no idea how big Indian
families could be. As the Thanksgiving feast began, the Pilgrims were
overwhelmed at the large turnout of ninety relatives that Squanto and Samoset
brought with them. The Pilgrims
were not prepared to feed a gathering of people that large for three days.
Seeing this, Massasoit gave orders to his men within the first hour of his
arrival to go home and get more food. Thus it happened that the Indians supplied
the majority of the food: Five deer, many wild turkeys, fish, beans, squash,
corn soup, corn bread, and berries.
Captain Standish sat at one end of a long table and the Clan Chief Massasoit sat
at the other end. For three days the Wampanoags feasted with the Pilgrims.
It was a special time of friendship between two very different groups of
Click below for printable coloring pages
Click on a card to turn it over and reveal a picture. Continue
clicking on the cards until you find all the matching Thanksgiving pictures.
When you've matched all the cards, click on the hidden image to see all of it
and to start the game again. Have fun!